Status of Women & Children

Topeka Women’s Fund Report: Needs of Women and Children in Shawnee County

Grace Hildenbrand – Washburn Spring 2012

Executive Summary

The purpose of this report is to gain a better understanding of the greatest needs of women and children in Shawnee County. This report will be used to guide the funding initiatives of The Women’s Fund of Topeka for the next few years. In order to begin the process of discovering these needs, focus groups with community organizations were held, in order to start a conversation about these needs. After some of these needs were determined, categories were developed based on these needs. Then data regarding these specific categories was sought after for the report.

The needs that will receive attention in this summary are the ones that indicated serious concerns for women and children in the community. Such needs include: transportation, childcare, education, educational attainment, and needs relating to the disability population.

 

Transportation

Transportation Topeka Transportation Total Drove Alone Carpool Public Transportation
Workers 16 years and over 108,363 88,691 10,569 1,075
SEX
Male 49.90% 50.30% 45.40% 68.70%
Female 50.10% 49.70% 54.60% 31.30%

2010 American Community Survey (ACS)
*Sources used are listed at the end of the summary

Topeka EARNINGS IN PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2010 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS) Total Drove Alone Carpool Public Transportation
Workers 16 years and over with earnings 108,363 88,691 10,569 1,075
$1 to $9,999 or loss 16.30% 13.40% 24.70% 36.70%
$10,000 to $14,999 9.50% 8.70% 11.00% 34.70%
$15,000 to $24,999 16.40% 16.60% 16.60% 25.30%
$25,000 to $34,999 16.20% 16.70% 17.10% 0.00%
$35,000 to $49,999 17.80% 18.70% 16.00% 3.30%
$50,000 to $64,999 12.10% 13.20% 7.30% 0.00%
$65,000 to $74,999 4.00% 4.60% 3.10% 0.00%
$75,000 or more 7.70% 8.20% 4.20% 0.00%
Median earnings (dollars) 30,518 31,528 23,039 13,386

2010 ACS

TOPEKA TRAVEL TIME TO WORK Total Drove Alone Carpool Public Transportation
Less than 10 minutes 19.90% 19.90% 10.60% 4.80%
10 to 14 minutes 17.20% 18.30% 11.20% 0.00%
15 to 19 minutes 23.00% 22.70% 29.20% 1.50%
20 to 24 minutes 15.80% 16.20% 18.00% 5.00%
25 to 29 minutes 5.80% 5.70% 6.10% 33.20%
30 to 34 minutes 7.90% 7.70% 10.30% 4.10%
35 to 44 minutes 3.20% 2.80% 6.40% 0.00%
45 to 59 minutes 3.20% 3.30% 4.00% 0.00%
60 or more minutes 3.80% 3.30% 4.20% 51.30%
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 19.4 18.6 22.7 71.9

2010 ACS

Numerous women and children in the community have needs that are not being fulfilled at this time. One major issue is the transportation system. Very few women are using public transportation in comparison to men in Topeka. Also, those who do ride the bus are often those with lower income, suggesting that those with higher incomes have no desire to ride the bus. The public transportation system in Topeka is much slower than public transportation in the comparison areas. This may explain the decreased use among men and those with higher income. It takes over half of the riders more than one hour to get to work using public transportation. This indicates a need for improvement regarding the bus system.

 

Childcare

Childcare in Kansas-2010 Shawnee County Sedgwick County
Age 0 to 17 poverty 20% 18%

Childcare Aware of Kansas/Childcare Resource & Referrals Agency of Kansas, 2010 data

Childcare Costs in Kansas-2011 Center Care Family Care
Annual cost for full-time infant care $9,973 $6,269
Annual cost full-time 4 year old care $7,123 $5,455

National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (NACCRRA)

Median family income married couple with children under 18 $73,495
Median income single mother household $24,152

NACCRRA

Another issue for women is the cost of childcare in the community. Many children are living in poverty. Single mothers especially struggle to make ends meet because their median income is three times as low as the median income of a married couple family with children. With low incomes, it is also difficult for single mothers to afford health insurance, which is a serious threat to the health of these women and their children.

 

Disability Population

Disability Population-Kansas Total With disability % with disability
Total civilian noninstitutionalized population 2,804,461 341,426 12.2%
SEX
Male 1,379,541 165,359 12.0%
Female 1,424,920 176,067 12.4%

2010 ACS

 

Economic Characteristics for Disability Population-Kansas Total With disability Without disability
Population Age 16 and Over 2,158,812 318,239 1,840,573
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
Employed 63.6% 28.6% 69.7%
Not in Labor Force 30.9% 66.6% 24.7%

2010 ACS

Median Earnings in past 12 months-Kansas Median Earnings in past 12 months-Topeka
Total: 26,975 Total: 26,534
With a disability: 18,720 With a disability: 17,795
Male 23,255 Male 20,186
Female 13,435 Female 11,839
No disability: 27,615 No disability: 27,656
Male 33,392 Male 31,665
Female 22,299 Female 24,681

There are also needs for the disability population in the community. This population earns much less money on average than those without disabilities, especially women with disabilities. This indicates a need for more job opportunities (and higher paying job opportunities) for women with disabilities in Topeka.

 

Educational Attainment

Educational Attainment-Topeka Total Male Female
Population 18 to 24 years 19,524 9,542 9,982
Less than high school graduate 15.6% 14.6% 16.6%
High school graduate (includes equivalency) 32.7% 32.1% 33.3%
Some college or associate’s degree 39.6% 40.0% 39.3%
Bachelor’s degree or higher 12.1% 13.3% 10.9%

 

Population 25 years and over 156,583 74,630 81,953
Less than 9th grade 3.1% 3.0% 3.2%
9th to 12th grade, no diploma 5.6% 6.4% 4.9%
High school graduate (includes equivalency) 33.8% 34.1% 33.6%
Some college, no degree 23.5% 22.3% 24.5%
Associate’s degree 6.7% 7.4% 6.1%
Bachelor’s degree 17.3% 17.1% 17.5%
Graduate or professional degree 9.9% 9.7% 10.2%
Percent high school graduate or higher 91.3% 90.6% 91.9%
Percent bachelor’s degree or higher 27.3% 26.8% 27.8%
POVERTY RATE FOR THE POPULATION 25 YEARS AND OVER FOR WHOM POVERTY STATUS IS DETERMINED
Less than high school graduate 20.7% 20.5% 21.0%
High school graduate (includes equivalency) 13.5% 10.0% 16.7%
Some college or associate’s degree 10.7% 7.4% 13.6%
Bachelor’s degree or higher 4.6% 3.6% 5.5%
MEDIAN EARNINGS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2010 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)
Population 25 years and over with earnings $31,063 $36,593 $26,793
Less than high school graduate $17,962 $20,468 $12,022
High school graduate (includes equivalency) $25,294 $30,743 $18,769
Some college or associate’s degree $29,023 $33,765 $24,740
Bachelor’s degree $40,788 $49,713 $35,006
Graduate or professional degree $50,499 $51,149 $49,947

2010 ACS

Unfortunately, women must work harder than men in terms of an education if they would like to earn the same amount of money as men. This indicates a need for women to be educated so that they can receive higher paying jobs, and afford to adequately support their families.

 

Education

Topeka Public Schools
Graduation rate School District State
Total 67.3% 80.7%
Free and Reduced Lunch 60.3% 70.1%
Students with Disabilities 57.1% 68.7%
English Language Learner Students 55.6% 66.8%

Continuing with education, there are a few school districts that need attention regarding graduation rates and test scores in Topeka (Adequate Yearly Progress). The district in need of most attention in Shawnee County is Topeka Public Schools.

Besides concerns with public transportation and test scores/graduation rates, the overarching theme from this research is that there is a need for women to obtain an education in order to be eligible for higher paying jobs, so that they can afford childcare, health insurance, housing, and other needs. This means the community must focus on encouraging and supporting education and educational programs for women. There is also a need to financially support women, especially single mothers who do not have access to as much income as married couple households.

 

Sources

American Fact Finder: 2010 Census-American Community Survey. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml

ERC/CRR&R (Childcare Aware of Kansas/Childcare Resource & Referrals Agency) 2010 Workforce Study County Child Care Profiles. http://www.ks.childcareaware.org/community_countyprofiles.html

KSDE (Kansas State Department of Education) Report Cards 2010-2011.

http://svapp15586.ksde.org/rcard/searchpage.aspx

NACCRRA (National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies). 2011 Child Care in the State of Kansas. http://www.naccrra.org/randd/data/docs/KS.pdf

 

 

To see the full report CLICK HERE : WOMENS FUND FINAL REPORT

Download: WOMENS FUND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 

 

Our Mission

"To promote women's leadership in philanthropy, increase
charitable contributions and strengthen their value through
collective giving, and encourage a new generation of philanthropists."

The Women’s Fund, founded in 2006, is a donor-advised fund at the Topeka Community Foundation.

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Suite 300
Topeka, KS 66614