In 1850, the Koh-i-Nor Diamond was seized by the British forces as they took control of the Punjab, the last stronghold in India. When Shah Jahan died in 1666, his body was placed in a tomb next to the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. He became emperor in February 1628, four months after Jahangir's death, and took the name Shah Jahan. Five years later in 1612, they were married and so started one of the most popular love stories of the world. Shah Jahan. [1] Her younger sister Parwar Khanum married Sheikh Farid the son of Nawab Qutubuddin, the governor of Badaun who was also emperor Jahangir's foster brother. Mumtaz Mahal was born on 27 April 1593 AD in a Persian Noble family. She was betrothed in 1607 the age of 14 and married in 1612 to Shah Jahan, who conferred upon her the title Mumtaz Mahal. A niece of Nur Jahan, Arjumand was born into the inner court of the dynasty. Shah Jahan was grief-stricken when Mumtaz Mahal, died In 1631 during the birth of their 14th child, Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 as a mausoleum. The most famous of them is the Taj Mahal, which he built in the memory of his favorite wife the empress Mumtaz Mahal. The dead body of Mumtaz Mahal was kept in a garden on the shore of Yamuna River for about 22 years till the completion of Taj Mahal in 1653 A.D. Reasons why Taj Mahal was built in Agra Shah Jahan erected many splendid monuments, the most famous of which is the Taj Mahal in Agra. Shahzada (Imperial Prince) Dara Shikoh (1615 - 1659). Arjumand Banu Begum, popularly known as Mumtāz Mahal (April, 1593 - 17 June 1631) meaning "beloved ornament of the palace" was an Empress of India during the Mughal Dynasty. They became essentially Persianised and transferred the Persian literary and high culture to India. She died on June 17, 1631, giving birth to her 14th child, and was buried in Burhanpur at the place of her death. Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. Though they were engaged at a tender age of 13 (Mumtaz Mahal) and 15 years (Shah Jahan), they married only after 5 years. Under his reign, the Mughal Empire reached the peak of its cultural glory. Her father Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, a nobleman, worked as a high officer in the Mughal Empire.Her real name was Arjumand Banu Begum and Nur Jahan the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir was her aunt. The intervening years had seen Khurrum take two other wives. MyDayRegistry is an exclusive online registry where you can dedicate and register a specific date by month, day, and year in honour of a special event or person in your life. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal had 14 children together. It is a symmetrical building with an arch-shaped entrance (Iwan) with a large dome and finial on top. Her father was the brother of Empress Nur Jahan (who subsequently became the wife of the emperor Jahangir). Khurram was the third son of the Mughal emperor Jahangir and the Rajput princess Manmati. His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. 14 year-old Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan) was once taking a sweet walk by the lanes of Mena Bazaar in the year 1607. Shahzada Sultan Ummid Baksh (1619 -1622). This is the true story of the Taj Mahal of India, which has mesmerized many people with its bewitching beauty. Khurram acquired two other wives in the five years after meeting Mahal before their marriage, but he be… It took 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants nearly 20 years to complete this monument-the Taj Mahal. Mumahammad Dara Sikoh: 20 th March 1615 -30 th August 1659 (killed by Aurangzeb) Shah Shuja: 26 th June 1616 Death date not known (Disappeared while running away from Aurangzeb army) When Shah Jahan became emperor, he gave her the title Mumtaz Mahal. Due to Shah Jahan's belief that his wife's beauty and character was unparalleled, he called her Mumtaz Mahal, or "Jewel of the Palace". The mausoleum is a large structure built on a square plinth. Dedicate a Day to a Loved One - Worldwide Registry. The gemstone headed east, to England. Taj Mahal has four such entrances. The marriage was a happy one and Khurram remained devoted to her. Shahzadi Hluralnissa Begum (1613 - 1616). In 1607, Nur Jahan arranged Khurram engagment to Arjumand Banu Begum (1593–1631). Emperor Shah Jahan is best remembered as a patron of Mughal architecture and is known for the grand legacy of architectural structures constructed during his reign. Empress Mumtaz was religiously indeed a Shia Muslim. Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, better known by his regnal name, Shah Jahan, was the fifth Mughal emperor, and reigned from 1628 to 1658. Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. His reign ushered in the golden age of Mughal architecture. The real tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are open during the time of URS (Death Anniversary) of Shah Jahan which falls according to the Islamic calendar in the month of Rajab. He was the founder of Shahjahanabad, now known as \"Old Delhi\". Life. Shah Jahan later became famous for his love tale with Mumtaz Mahal and his ultimate creation named, Taj Mahal, which he built for his beloved wife. Jahan was dethroned by his own son and then imprisoned in Agra Fort, a walled city just a little to the north of the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan wedded Arjumand Banu Begum in 1612 and later named her as Mumtaz Mahal, being in love with her immense beauty and intelligence; Mumtaz Mahal meant Jewel of Palace in Persian language. Architecture in general saw the best of Mughal construction during his time. Shahzada Sultan Daulat Afza (1628 - 1629). Built of white marble, the Taj sits on a sandstone platform. It took India 300 years. Content on this website is published and Managed by Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh. Jahanara Begum: 23 rd March 1614 – 16 th September 1681. The Koh-i-Nor diamond was a treasure of the Moghul dynasty. Arjumand Banu Begum is also known as Mumtaz Mahal. Diarmuid and Grainne a Legend from IrelandThe tale of the Pursuit of Diarmuid and Grainne is an epic story of wilful love, broken trust, relentless passion and ultimate tragedy. Shah Jahan who built the Taj Mahal, a wondrous monument built in dedication to love, beauty, and life of Mumtaz Mahal, had succeeded in his lifetime his dire wish to immortalize the name of Mumtaz Mahal, his third wife. Although she was one of the three wives of Shah Jahan, she was his favourite and he bestowed her with the name Mumtaz Mahal meaning "Jewel of the Palace". Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India. Rajab is the 7th month of the Islamic calendar. Legend tells us that Krishna wore the Koh-i-Nor on his sleeve, from where it was stolen one night. Arjumand Banu Begum was born in Agra into a family of Persian nobility, as a daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, making her a niece (and later daughter-in-law) of Empress Nur Jehan, the wife of the emperor Jahangir. His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. She also enjoyed watching elephant and combat fights performed for the court. Mumtaz Mahal died, aged 37 (7 July 1631), while giving birth to Gauhara Begum in Burhanpur. The great marble mausoleum built by Shah Jahan (1592-1666), Mughal emperor, for his wife Arjumand Banu Begam (d1631) called Mumtaz Mahal (Favourite of the Palace). Such is the esteem of Mumtaz Mahal that she is … Mumtaz devoted some time to a riverside garden in Agra and it may have been her affection for this garden that prompted the eventual form of her monument. Shahzada Mohammed Sultan Shah Shuja Bahadur(1616 - 1660). After their wedding celebrations, Khurram "finding her in appearance and character elect among all the women of the time", gave her the title 'Mumtaz Mahal' Begum (Chosen One of the Palace). In 1631, Shah Jahan was three years into his reign and fighting against a rebellion led by Khan Jahan Lodi. Though Shah Jahan was an able administrator and commander, he is best known for the construction of the Taj Mahal, which he built in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb. Shahzadi Surayya Banu Begum (1621 - 1628). In 1614, commanding an army numbering around 200,000, Kh… The Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is a monument to the memory of Mumtaz. Can you see yourself registering a special day for your loved one? It was in 1607 that she was betrothed to Prince Khurram and soon became the unquestionable love of his life. After Mumtaz died in 1629, the grieving emperor resolved to create a fitting monument. They did have to wait five years before they became married. The emperors were Muslims and direct descendants of Genghis Khan. In 1630 Mumtaz Mahal accompanied Shah Jahan who was fighting during a military campaign on the Deccan plateau. This is the official Website of Taj Mahal. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. Mumtaz Mahal children : Mumtaz Mahal had 14 children in total and the ones who lived are following . Mumtaz Mahal was the second queen of Emperor Shah Jahan. “The world believes it was built by love but reading Shah Jahan’s own words on the Taj, one could say it was grief that built the Taj Mahal and it was sorrow that saw it through sixteen years till completion.”―Aysha Taryam, The Opposite of Indifference: A Collection of Commentaries. Shahzada Sultan Murad Baksh (1624 - 1661). He had now lost his beloved Mumtaz, his rulership and his freedom, but he had the Koh-i-Nor with him. The Mughal, or Mogul (also Moghul), Empire was an imperial power in the Indian subcontinent from about 1526 to 1757. She was religiously a Shi'a Muslim. Though Mumtaz Mahal’s importance in the life of Shah Jahan has received unprecedented endorsement through a beautiful tomb, her position was by no means completely unusual for the women of the Mughal royal family. The real graves are build at the bottom of the Taj. So Shah Jahan had the most costly mirror in the world to see his equally priceless creation. Mumtaz Mahal, byname of Arjumand Banu Begum, wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Renamed Mumtaz Mahal, she bore Shah Jahan 14 children and became his favorite wife. Its construction began in 1632, following the death of Mumtaz Mahal, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan… This is the story of the love between Khurram and Arjumand or, as we know them today, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Truth of Shahjahan And Mumtaz Mahal Love Story || History Behind Taj Mahal || Ajab Gajab India Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. India's most iconic structure, the Taj Mahal, has stood strong for almost 400 years. Mumtaz Mahal was born Arjumand Banu Begum, she became the wife of the 5th Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum ) (1614 - 1681). Mumtaz was portrayed as the perfect wife with no aspirations to political power. She did not know it would be her last trip. The Pearl Mosque in Agra, the palace and the grand mosque in Delhi or the Throne of the Peacock, which is said to be worth millions of dollars, according to modern estimates, are all constructions of Shah Jahan. Although Begum was betrothed to Shah Jahan(also know as Prince Khurram) at the age of fourteen, she ultimately became the love of his life. The date of their marriage, in 1612, was selected by astrologers of the court to be most effective in ensuring a happy marriage. Many wives, mothers, daughters and aunts played important roles in the public as well as private lives of the Mughal emperors. In 1983, Mumtaz Mahal’s mausoleum was declared as ‘UNESCO World Heritage Site’ and in 2007 it was included in the list of ‘Seven Wonders of the World.’ As the final resting place of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, Taj Mahal is considered extremely important for its historical significance alone. It is said that the diamond was placed near a window of his prison in such a way that the stone could be used as a mirror to see the reflection of the Taj Mahal. It was during the birth of the last child in 1631 while accompanying her husband on a military campaign that Mumtaz Mahal died at the age of 38. The Mughal, or Mogul (also Moghul), Empire was an imperial power in the Indian subcontinent from about 1526 to 1757. A Princess of the Persian nobility, Arjumand Banu Begum was born in 1593, the daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan. Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. One of the most beautiful buildings in the world is a monument of love. The Taj Mahal is one of the world's most iconic historical superstructures and India's gem. This is the story of the love between Khurram and Arjumand or, as we know them today, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. For a glorious holiday with cheap and trusted accommodation, airbnb offers access to Homestays and Budget Apartments in Agra, near the Taj Mahal. I use airbnb and have nothing but praise for the resources available. Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. She was born in 1593 to Asaf Khan in Agra into a family of Persian nobility. Queen Victoria , hearing of the curse, first refused it, but eventually was persuaded otherwise, and since then, one by one, her colonies fought, and gained, independence. The tomb of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan are the prime attraction of the Taj Mahal. Mumtaz Mahalwas born to Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan in 1593 and was a princess from Persian nobility. Construction began in 1632 under the orders of the Great Mogul Emperor, Shah Jahan. Betrothed to Prince Khurram in 1607 AD at the age of 14 years, she was married five years later on 10 May 1612, a date selected by the court astrologers as most conducive to ensuring a happy marriage to Prince Khurram, who later ascended the Peacock Throne of India as the fifth Mughal Emperor and populary known as Shah Jahan I. The Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is a monument to the memory of Mumtaz. It is said that Prince Khurram fell in love with her at the first sight. Mumtaz Mahal - Life history. He built the Taj Mahal in her memory. In 1612, aged 20, Khurram married Arjumand Banu Begum. Mumtaz Mahal was born in April 1593 in Agra, India.Her father was the Persian noble Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, the brother of Nur Jahan, the Mughal Empress wife of Jahangir.. Mumtaz betrothed (nikah) with shah jahan at the age of 14 in 1607 when Shah Jahan was 15 , Shah Jahan, later married two other women.May 10, 1612 at the age of 19 the official marriage ceremony was held. The cause of Mumtaz death was blood-loss after a painful labour of thirty hours. We know it as the Taj Mahal. It is also said that the diamond bestows the power to rule the world, yet it carries a curse. Although an able military commander, Shah Jahan is best remembered for his architectural achievements. Over centuries, the diamond travelled through many hands, leaving havoc and chaos in its wake: Every empire to ever hold the diamond has fallen. Certificate of Ownership printed on a beautiful piece of high quality parchment paper, Online Profile of Authenticity, an online profile for you or the registered owner to personalise with pictures, video, music and more. Mumtaz Mahal Shah Jahan Spouse. The jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Death of Mumtaz Mahal. It was quite common for women of noble birth to commission architecture in the Mughal Empire. Badshah Mohinnudin Mohammed Aurangzeb (1618 - 1707). This magnificent monument came to be known as "Taj Mahal" and now counts amongst the Seven Wonders of the World. Once the largest diamond known (originally 793 carats), Shah Jahan had this jewel set into his throne. Like all such storie... Homestays and Budget Apartments in Agra, near the Taj Mahal, Diarmuid and Grainne a Legend from Ireland, Hairstyles, Cool Cuts, How to Style Your Hair. [2] In 1607 AD (1016 AH), Prince Khurram, also known as Shah Jahan, was betrot… She was his third wife, and became his favorite. The Taj Mahal, from the top of the entrance gate, Agra, India. Khurram gave Begum her new name, Mumtaz Mahal, shortly after their marriage. Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, died on June 17 in the year 1631. Taj Mahal as well the real graves of Emperor Shah Jahan and her wife Mumtaz Mahal. She … Mumtaz Mahal in one word can be described as an inspiration; an inspiration for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to erect the breathtakingly beautiful memorial, Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan commissioned many monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal in Agra, in which is entombed his favourite And combat fights performed for the court that she was his third wife, became... 16 th September 1681 monument to the memory of his favorite - 1707.. Jahan ( who subsequently became the unquestionable love of his life was Shah Jahan who fighting... 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