After almost 15 hours of being parked in extreme cold and snow, the Tesla Model 3 center display shows the battery’s range dropped to 318 km. If you want, for long-range trucking, you can take the range up to, we think, easily 800 km, and we see a path over time to 1,000 km range for an heavy duty truck. The reason this is allowed is that there is something called the 33% rule. That’s how aerodynamic efficiency plays a role. Some models under development will offer 1,000 km (621 miles) of range. Inflating happens by using alternative multipliers to convert dyno scores to EPA range. Did Consumer Reports test these too? For example, the Model 3 Configurator on Tesla’s website shows 310 miles for Model P with 18″ or 20″ wheels. 0. Model X 90D: 260 miles at 65 mph However, that would be the range if the weight of the car remained the same as the Model 3 LR but the smaller battery is lighter. Model 3 uses waste energy from the motor to heat up the battery. In very cold climates in winter (Minnesota), range drops by about 30%. In this example, EPA rated range would be 280*0.45 + 350*0.55= 319 miles. So far, all EV manufacturers have used the 0.7 multiplier except Tesla. Yes you're right as you have about a 13% range loss right now (56 km / 435 km =~ 13%). Tesla Is Working on 620-Mile Range for Future Cars, Upcoming Semi CEO Elon Musk says some cars in the current lineup could achieve 435 miles of … Tesla Model Y . Both sources have very similar results. Tesla actually uses 0.7 too but only for the Model 3. With an electric range of 560 km, it accelerates in 4.6 seconds and reaches top speed at 233 km/h. The Tesla Model S is an all-electric five-door liftback sedan produced by Tesla, Inc., and was introduced on June 22, 2012. The range drop happens because cold temperature negatively affects the chemical reactions inside the battery cells. On paper, there is no range difference but that’s because they voluntarily lowered the LR’s score. Posted on April 26, 2019 When Elon Musk unveiled the next-generation Tesla Roadster back in November 2017, he shocked the electric car community by revealing that the all-electric … 647 km Go anywhere with up to 647 km of range on a single charge 15 min What does dyno mean? How about the Model S and Model X? Therefore I have used only the EPA highway dyno scores. The city test replicates stop and go traffic at 21 mph average speed. • Increased Model 3 aero hubcap effect from 2.9% to 4% based on more tests. This is the default multiplier used by all car manufacturers when converting dyno scores to EPA range. Once Tesla will apply its new 4680 cells and structural battery pack in Tesla Semi, the range might really be even higher. Using the cell count ratio, the Model 3 SR’s score should be (2976/4416) * 454.7 mi= 306.4 mi with 18″ wheels and no Aero covers. Acceleration 0-100 km/h: 4.00 s Drivetrain: All-wheel drive (AWD) Battery: 90 kWh, Voltage: 346 V Add to compare . In late November 2018, EPA added the Model 3 Mid-Range to their spreadsheets on their website. How did you calculate range at 70, 75, 80 mph? The range numbers shown are for new cars. — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) April 24, 2019 Without increasing the size of the battery, Tesla claims it's improved range, power and torque enough to make for faster 0 - … This is based on two sources: Also, there is another test that shows Model S 85’s range at 45, 60 and 70 mph. Earlier this year, Tesla released a … The model shown on this page is the successor of the Tesla Model 3 Long Range Dual Motor, which was available from February 2019 until October 2020. 2. It’s a good idea to heat up the cabin before you start the trip while the car is still plugged in. The city test is performed at 21 mph and the highway test at 48 mph average speed. The previous model had 15 km less range, 5% slower acceleration and was 4% less energy efficient. What is the data source? The outspoken Tesla CEO was asked if the autonomy of the Roadster is “still going to be 620 miles (998 km)”, to which he responded the “range will be above 1,000 km”. • Fixed an error related to Model S Long Range with 21″ wheels. Different wheel options: How much range do Model 3 Aero Hubcaps add? For example, Model 3 LR-AWD was not tested. “If you want, for long-range trucking, you can take the range up to, we think, easily 800 km, and we see a path over time to 1,000 km range for a heavy-duty truck,” said Musk. It is well known that larger wheels reduce range. Musk says that Tesla will be able to achieve its goal for 800km range by using the structural battery pack method first … Bloomberg, Official Volkswagen ID.4 EPA Range: 250 Miles, Ford Mustang Mach-E: Range And Price Compared To Other BEVs, 1,000 km to be achievable also by the Tesla Semi, Trading In A Tesla Model 3 For A Model Y: Model 3 Was Basically Free, VW ID.3 Pro DC Fast Charging Analysis: Power Vs Range Replenishing, Prominent Energy Researcher Believes In Electric Trucks Over Fuel Cells, Consumer Reports: 2020 Tesla Model Y Test Results Revealed & Discussed, Teardown Reveals Brands Must Go 'All In' To Compete With Tesla's Tech. The Tesla Model S Plaid will likely be rated at 520 miles (837 km) EPA / 840 km WLTP (522 miles). What is the number under the ’30 min Supercharge’ column? Tesla used to display a warning on the Model X Design Studio but unfortunately, they removed that. 1. 2020 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD. Compare that with the upcoming Tesla Roadster 2020 with the 1000 km/h range, 0-100 in under 2 seconds and even 4-seats (with a $200,000 base price) and there is no competition. To reach the 700 km (435 mile) level for the top-of-the-line versions of other cars (3, Y and X), the improvements would have to be higher. ... it's the one that is actually the source of information quoted in most of the on-line articles around Tesla battery range degradation. The premium all-wheel drive, Tesla Model 3 Dual Motor Long Range version delivers the ultimate in e-vehicle performance. In the formula, the 0.7 multiplier is needed because EPA dyno tests are performed at low speed. Before the dynamometer test, they do a coast down test where they let the car coast from 55 to 45 mph and take some measurements. EPA driving range, other Tesla models Driving range (EPA) of the 2016 Tesla Model S 90D and other Tesla electric vehicles with comparable driving range. Source: Model X 90D: 230 miles at 65 mph. The Model 3 LR’s EPA highway dyno test score is 454.7 mi (source: page 7). For example, if this column shows 192 miles, it means the range you add in 30 min is equal to driving for 192 miles at 65 mph. Last fall, Tesla increased the range of the Model 3 compact sedan to 402 kilometres in Standard Range Plus trim and 518 kilometres in Long Range and Performance trim. If Consumer Reports tests the Model 3 LR-AWD, I will use the actual score. Then they enter these measurements into dynamometer settings. Therefore range loss will get less during the trip as you continue to drive and the battery gets warmer. The calculation is based on cell counts. Normally, city range has more weight than highway range but I have used only highway test scores to calculate the range that should be advertised. The first step is to calculate EPA highway and city range by multiplying the dyno scores by 0.7. There is something called the 33% rule. Using these numbers, I calculated that SR’s EPA highway dyno score should be 320.3 mi. 2015 Tesla Model S 85 RWD. Tesla hasn’t started making the Standard Range version yet. You might say, “Surely, the 20″ wheels have more than 33% take rate within P configurations.” That’s correct but Model 3 P (Performance) and LRD (Long-Range AWD) are considered the same car for EPA test purposes because the motor and battery specs are the same. 1,000 km vs 800 km is a 25% improvement, while the switch to the new approach using the same chemistry is worth 30%. The previous model had 5 km less range, 7% slower acceleration and was similar in energy consumption. Luckily we know the weight numbers for these cars from Tesla’s page here: 3549 lbs. Car manufacturers are allowed to voluntarily reduce the EPA rated range they want to advertise. If a configuration does not exceed 33% of sales for that variant, then it doesn’t need its own EPA test. I guess that could be the reason why car manufacturers and EPA decided not to inflate those numbers. Model S 75D: 235 miles at 65 mph. In the past, there were some lawsuits related to inflated MPG numbers. Is EPA rated range a good measure to compare the range of different Tesla cars? Preceding model Tesla Model X Long Range You can always find the latest version here. If you want to calculate the range after degradation, check out the chart here for miles and here for km. Tested by Consumer Reports. “We even have some models under development that can do 1,000 kilometers.”. Source: Therefore I want to explain how I calculated the range numbers even though this car doesn’t exist yet. According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of existing models that will have around 435 Miles (700 km) of range.. We are not sure about the test procedure - EPA/WLTP - but assuming that the top range of Tesla Model S Long Range Plus is 402 mi (647 km) EPA (or even … This table is continuously updated based on the latest data. Consumer Reports shows the range at 65 mph. City consumption: 127 MPGe – 16,5 kWh/100 km; Combined consumption: 121 MPGe – 17,3 kWh/100 km; Highway consumption: 114 MPGe – 18,4 kWh/100 km; Total range: 316 miles (509 km); 2021 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD In mild winter conditions (California), you should expect 15% loss. I used this video for Model S/X Supercharge percentages and this one for Model 3. See the article here. Yes, here are the scores with regenerative braking set to low: Here are the numbers with standard regen, which is the setting almost all Tesla owners use: Model S 75D: 265 miles at 65 mph Why not use EPA rated range? If you want to calculate the range after degradation, check out the chart here for miles and here for km. Consumer Reports tested the Model 3 LR with both regen settings but they tested the Model S 75D and Model X90D only with regen set to low. Tesla Model S Long Range now gets 658 km of range In Cars, International News, Tesla Motors / By Matthew H Tong / 23 November 2020 9:58 am / … I have used this data when creating this table. Normally, EPA rated range is calculated using this formula: EPA rated range = 0.7 * [(EPA city dyno test * 0.55) + (EPA highway dyno test * 0.45)]. Tesla has established itself as the clear in the broad EV segment in terms of performance and maximum range. The ratio is 11.45/12.78= 89.6%. 3. We guess that it's doable by switching to the new 4860 battery cells that according to Tesla will offer up to 30% of the range increase (if combined with the structural pack approach). A look at Tesla Model S power consumption vs. speed (Source: A Better Routeplanner ) By the way, charging warms up the battery, therefore ideally you want to complete charging just before you start the trip as opposed to a few hours earlier. Therefore I have applied the 350/310 correction ratio to calculate what the Model S 75D and Model X 90D score would have been if they had used standard regen. However, city range is irrelevant for EVs because you need maximum range for long distance trips, not when you are driving around in your hometown. You can see that the range drops to 95% at 45,000 miles or 72,500 km. No, because of 3 reasons: 1. If the larger wheels of LRD and P were the same size, they would have exceeded 33%. EPA rated range is not even the actual combined city and highway score because EPA allows car manufacturers to inflate or deflate the scores after the test is done. Check out page 2 here. Tesla’s all-electric powertrain delivers unparalleled performance in all weather conditions – with Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive, adaptive air suspension and ludicrous acceleration. 3.5% loss. 2. The Tesla Model 3 is an electric four-door fastback sedan developed by Tesla. EPA rated range shows the combined city and highway range. Model 3 Standard Range EPA Highway range would be 400*0.7= 280 miles and EPA city range would be 500*0.7= 350 miles. 55% of EPA rated range is based on the city test and 45% on the highway test. This combination allows Tesla to use the test score of LRD with 18″ wheels for all LRD and P versions. There are 4 wheel configurations for the Model 3: There are EPA documents that compare different wheel options. For example, on page 16 here, it shows these two numbers: 9.95 HP for Model 3 with 18″ and 11.13 HP for the Model 3 with 19″. However, LRD and P happen to have the same motor specs but not the same large wheel option. Those first two range … According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of existing models that will have around 700 km (435 Miles) of range. Your Tesla continuously monitors its energy level and proximity to known charging locations to provide range assurance. More information about this can be found here. This results in unrealistically high range numbers. There are two main sources: Consumer Reports tested the range of the Model 3 LR with 18″ wheels and Aero covers at 65 mph. Give or take my measurement errors it sounds about right. Model 3 LR scored 454.7 miles in EPA highway dyno test, Model 3 LR-AWD scored 422.6 miles in EPA highway dyno test. for the Model 3 LR. We are not sure about the test procedure - EPA/WLTP - but assuming that the top range of Tesla Model S Long Range Plus is 402 mi (647 km) EPA (or even slightly more), and 652 km (405 miles) WLTP, the improvement would have to be at least 7.4-8.2%. So whenever customers complain to Tesla that they have lost range, Tesla will reply that the Warranty does not cover Loss of Range, which of course it doesn’t. How is ‘Range that should be advertised’ calculated? This column shows the range you add in a 30 min Supercharge session compared to the range at 65 mph. Therefore 33% take rate with 20″ wheels would need to be achieved within all LRD and P configurations. Because EPA rated range is not comparable. I have updated the calculations based on the latest data. It was incorrectly displaying a lower number than it should be. The score was 350 miles (source). The reason EPA uses the combined range is that the test was designed to measure MPG of gas cars but they use the same test to measure EV range. Tesla uses this option frequently for marketing purposes. if i take the official 77.8kwh above and divide by 525 i get 148.1 wh/km. According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of … It’s calculated by multiplying EPA Highway Dyno score by 0.7. Source. Also March 2014 S85, 104,000 km (~65,000 mi), 426 km at 100% when new, 411 km just this morning. Tesla’s graph here (I have measured the pixels in photoshop and created a transparent chart on a spreadsheet that matches this curve exactly. The Tesla Model S Long Range has achieved 400 miles of range in a new real-world test, as Elon Musk has been claiming, but there’s a catch. Cold weather dramatically reduces range. In this last video, the Model 3 LR reaches 63% in 30 minutes. Roughly 620 km (997.6 km) is the target for the Tesla Roadster. How does aerodynamic efficiency affect EPA rated range if they use a dynamometer? Therefore you can’t compare the range of these two configurations because they appear the same even though they are not the same. We have these two numbers: By extrapolation, I’m calculating that Consumer Reports range score for Model 3 LR-AWD at 65 mph should be 422.6 mi * 350 mi/ 454.7 mi= 325 miles. If a car manufacturer decides to inflate or deflate their range numbers, the Monroney sticker (aka window sticker) and the numbers on EPA website show the inflated or deflated numbers. Therefore you would add 0.63*350= 220 mi in 30 minutes that can be consumed at 65 mph. You can see the details here. for the Model 3 SR and 4072 lbs. They use higher multipliers for S/X to inflate the numbers. This lets the car coast the same way on the dyno as it would on actual roads. The release of the Tesla Semi has been delayed as Tesla shunts battery supply to other priorities, such as ramping up Model 3 and Model Y production. Preceding model Tesla Model 3 LR Dual Motor The model shown on this page is the successor of the Tesla Model X Long Range, which was available from March 2019 until May 2019. 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