Rhode Island was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. Rhode Island’s “lively experiment” in religious liberty became Williams’s most tangible legacy, with the colony becoming a haven for Baptists, Quakers, Jews and other religious minorities. 1614 - Dutch explorer Adriaen Block visited the island now named for him. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Facts about Rhode Island Colony 2: the establishment. In 1630 he emigrated to the New World and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 1638 - The Portsmouth compact was signed. Roger Williams is generally recognized as the founder of Rhode Island. 1644 - The colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation is established. 1636 - The first permanent settlement, Providence, is established by Roger Williams. 1638 - Anne Hutchinson founds the city of Portsmouth. Due to his friendship with local Indians and knowledge of their language he obtained land from the Indians and assisted other settlers in doing the same. 1634 - William Blackstone was the first Rhode Island settler. 17th Century Rhode Island History Timeline. Although his settlement of Providence in 1636 was not the first or only settlement in the area, he was able to open the whole region to English settlement. A map of the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1636-1740 [cartographic material]. Roger Williams was the founder of an English Settlement in Providence Plantation in 1636. After graduating from Cambridge University in 1627, Williams took holy orders in the church of England. Roger Williams (c. 21 December 1603 – between 27 January and 15 March 1683) was a Puritan minister, theologian, and author who founded Providence Plantations, which became the Colony of Rhode Island.He was a staunch advocate for religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair dealings with Native Americans, and he was one of the first abolitionists. Williams was known as a linguist, independent preacher, and a theologian. It was founded by Roger Williams. You may acquire a map of this period from the Rhode Island Historical Society; In 1636 Roger Williams, a Christian minister, founded the Colony of Rhode Island after fleeing persecution in Massachusetts. He later secured a charter from Parliament and the King for the colony. Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, was born in London in 1603. 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