These colonies were known as the "breadbasket" because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here. It was named New York after the Duke of York, King James II's brother. Pennsylvania eventually became the gateway for Scottish-Irish immigrants in the 1700s. Colonial - Free Presentations in PowerPoint format. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. A lot of the success of Pennsylvania and Delaware is owed to William Penn. Farms flourished and craftsmen established successful businesses. There was a brisk business in trade. Most of the inhabitants stayed and helped to create the diversity in the city that remains today. Under his guidance, Philadelphia became a fabulous city, with broad, tree-shaded streets, stone and brick houses, and a bustling port. New Jersey Colony was established in 1664 by English colonists. Beginning in 1609, Dutch traders explored and established fur trading posts on the Hudson River, Delaware River, and Connecticut River, … They began selling grain to other colonies and to England, shipping out of the big ports in Philadelphia and New York. The price of a horse ranged from £5 - £1000, depending on breeding, speed, and ability. New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts. The mid-A… Still, port towns continued Blackline Master #2, Post-Test 1. Manhattan flourished under the Dutch. The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. answer choices . SURVEY . Major towns in New York Colony included New York City and Albany. The Middle Colonies were the most religiously diverse of the colonies. The colonies later came under British control. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. the Big Apple. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. Major towns in New Jersey Colony included Trenton and Princeton. The middle colonies were known for their freedom of religion. Most of their inhabitants were farmers. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. For Kids. Middle colonies tg.qxd 10/16/02 11:30 AM Page 6. At night, thieves roamed the unlit The Middle Colonies consisted of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware. This would cause New York and Pennsylvania to grow rapidly. King Charles II gave the colony to his brother the Duke of York for whom it is named. from the New World to the Caribbean islands and returned with The Middle colonies were made up of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. the Cornhusker. Rum and tobacco shipped to England fetched harbor in huge numbers, fighting for space to unload. In 1664 New Netherland was absorbed by the English and renamed New York. This could not be said of the middle colonies. In the middle and southern colonies, where there was more religious diversity, Anglicans, Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Moravians and other groups introduced their … Perhaps one of the most important circumstances of the New World was the varying climate. Following the American Revolution, the Middle Colonies became the states of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware. 2. answer choices . New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. They were called the breadbasket of the colonies because of the grain that was grown there. The Middle Colonies & Daily Life. The English colonies of New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), Pennsylvania (PA) and Delaware (DE) are referred to as the 'middle colonies'. which limited monies towns and cities could spend on keeping the The Middle colonies were situated north of the Southern colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Name the Middle Colonies. New York became a royal colony in 1685. Photographs and description of the Dutch Colonies. Tags: Question 11 . Ships docked at the New York – Each had different land and different lifestyles. The Middle colonies spanned the Mid-Atlantic region of America and were temperate in climate, with warm summers and cold winters. Many of the immigrants to the Middle Colonies paid their way to the New World. Introduction: The Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies consisted of the middle region of the Thirteen Colonies of the British Empire in North America. However, the diversity among the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies is perhaps what made them so distinctive. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. The Middle Colonies had freedom of religion laws, The importance of tobacco as a cash crop for the colonies, British Colonial trade regulations 1651-1764, Daily Life in Colonial Times (games & activities), 13 Colonies - Free Lesson Plans for the Middle Colonies, QUIZZES - Interactive, with Answers for Student Review, Free for Classroom Use - American History Powerpoints and Presentations, American History Lesson Plans, Units, Activities, Projects for Teachers, 3 Branches - Executive, Legislative, Judicial, Events Leading up to the American Civil War, People of the Civil War - Lincoln, Davis, Grant, Lee, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Dred Scott and more, Reconstruction, Carpetbaggers & Scalawags, Full American History Index for Kids and Teachers. Pennsylvania was named for its founder William Penn and for the word 'sylvania' which means 'forest'. New ships 60 seconds . Middle Colonies: Geography • The Middle Colonies formed a region of contrasts – New Jersey and Delaware lie on the Atlantic Coastal Plain – New York and Pennsylvania stretch across the Appalachians. The Middle Colonies, also known as the Middle Atlantic Colonies, were originally founded by Dutch settlers who called the area New Netherlands. During the reign of King Charles II, property within these colonies was … They consisted of the future states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and sometimes Maryland.Today these areas are described as the Mid-Atlantic States.The middle colonies were the most ethnically and religously diverse of the 13 original colonies because they were also the most tolerant. The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. Free American History Games. Coopers made thousands of barrels for Elements of both New England towns and sprawling country estates could be found. this. Caribbean and African This area had good coastal harbors for shipping. William Penn grew Pennsylvania to a population of nearly 9,000 people in the first five years. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly … needed to stock and repair ships. In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. Although the Netherlands only controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that short time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today. bakeries and taverns, fine craftsmen getting high prices for These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. The Middle Colonies were a part of the former Thirteen Colonies of the 18th century. Girls were tutored at home in a variety of household and social skills. Middle Colonies Facts The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. Religious dissidents from all regions could settle in the relatively tolerant middle zone. They began selling grain to other colonies and to England, shipping out of the big ports in Philadelphia and New York. By the 1700s, cities were divided into What nickname was given to the Middle Colonies? The New England and Middle Colonies UNIT. Major towns in Pennsylvania Colony included Philadelphia, Lancaster, and York. Many immigrants to the Middle Colonies wanted the chance to make a new life and buy their own land. Another popular means of travel, especially in the southern colonies, was by horseback. New Jersey was named after the English Isle of Jersey. the Breadbasket. The middle colonies were enriched by the culture of people from all over Europe, including Quakers, Scots, Irish, Dutch, French, Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, and more. The Middle Colonies were more cosmopolitan and tolerant than the New England colonies. See Also: Colonial Lesson Plan Index. Chandlers were merchants who sold everything The name of the colony was changed to New York in honor of the Duke. In 1680, the king gave William Penn 45,000 square miles of land, which became Pennsylvania. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. coarse brown sugar. Much of the area was part of the New Netherland until the British exerted control over the region. 2 They all got along or at least tolerated each other. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. This led to prosperity among the new American residents. King Charles II gave his brother James, the Duke of York, the land between New England and Virginia in 1664. They were located south of the New England colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. streets, targeting anyone really, but especially fashionable to boom with trade. They did not like the English and chose to head for the back country - away from the towns where they could hunt and farm. Free Video Clips. Pennsylvania was founded in 1682 by William Penn, after having been granted the land in 1680 by the king. New York. Why was the Middle Colonies named the Middle Colonies? Philadelphia grew into a thriving city. Founding of the Middle Colonies. In 1776, during the American Revolution, the Middle Colonies became independent of Britain as the states of … New Jersey. Some ships returned with slaves. Delaware Colony was established in 1638 by Peter Minuit. The Middle Colonies The nine colonies whose early history we have traced were all established by Englishmen; but we have now to notice one, destined in future to be the most populous and wealthy community of them all, which was founded and controlled for forty years by a different people -- … This edition of Mr. Zoller's Social Studies Podcasts focuses on England's thirteen original colonies in the new world. The Middle Colonies soon became a very prosperous region, with new settlers arriving from Europe with money and plans for new lives in the New World. Religious diversity was most prevalent here for several reasons. Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey all became states in December, 1787, and New York became a state in July of 1788. English gentlemen in showy outfits. many had moved from pleasant to tense. Major industry in the Middle Colonies included farming, forest and timber, coal, furs and iron ore. the Garden Colonies. The colony of New York was founded after England conquered New Netherland in the year 1664. The Middle Colonies for Kids: The Breadbasket colonies. The Middle Colonies were large producers of iron ore products such as kettles, pots, plows, tools, and nails, much of which was exported to England. high prices. Pennsylvania. Merchants became rich. The colony of … In most colonies the church was the school and town hall. storing cargo. Major cities in Delaware Colony included Wilmington and Georgetown. Pennsylvania It was the connector colonies that connected the New England Colonies with the Southern Colonies. Geography ranged from coastal plains along the coastline, piedmont (rolling hills) in the middle, and mountains farther inland. beautiful goods. Colonies in Northern America. Climate and land were ideal for agriculture. The Middle colonies extracted parts of its neighbors, like farming habits and spiritual sects, but the middle group managed to retain its own flavor. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. The Middle Colonies Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. Boys learned skill and trade, and possibly classical languages, history and literature, math, and natural science. The North American continent was … It was because of its relative location between the New England Colonies and southern settlements in Virginia. The Middle Colonies consisted of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. New York Colony was originally New Amsterdam (founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit) but became New York in 1664. There were mills to grind grain, sugar refineries, Due to their central location, the Middle Colonies were able to be a place of important distribution to the colonies. The middle colonies represented exactly that — a middle ground between its neighbors to the North and South. This is because the climate of the middle colonies was extremely warm, allowing them to farm much easier than the New England colonies, and the south, which was good for growing cash crops because of it's hot weather. Because of the ease of transport horses afforded, many colonists bought a horse as soon as they could afford its maintenance. The thirteen colonies, which were divided into 3 regions, were all different and unique in many ways. Local religious groups ran the schools in the middle colonies. were under construction. Plus. Because of the good farmland and agriculture the Middle Colonies became known as the 'breadbasket' of the three colony regions. goods from the ships at night to avoid paying the import tax, They were mostly catholic but civil unrest is Europe caused an influx of immigrants to the middle colonies and the new arrivals brought new religions. Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. Q. The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of wheat, corn, pork, and beef, among other trade goods. Facts about the Middle Colonies of Colonial America: New York, originally called New Amsterdam, was given to the Duke of York. Because of this, the middle colonies became known as the Breadbasket colonies. slaves were traded on ships in the harbor. New York The colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York. streets clean and safe. There was a dark side to all of The economy of the middle colonies mostly consisted of agriculture and fishing. Report an issue . wealthy merchants and poor and enslaved workers, and life for They were not indentured servants (indentured servants had to work off their cost of transport to an 'employer'). Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. Free American History Presentations in PowerPoint format. They were unusual, however, for their degree … Lutherans, Quakers, Moravians, Amish, Dunkers, Presbyterians, and Catholics settled in the four Middle Colonies. The Germans were probably the best farmers in the Middle Colonies. They often had sufficient money to begin their new lives. Delaware. The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. The Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies became home to Dutch Mennonites, French Huguenots, German Baptists, Portuguese Jews, and English Anglicans. Smugglers unloaded Delaware was named for the Delaware tribe, and for Lord de la Warr, an early Virginia governor. The four Middle Colonies of Colonial America consisted of a mix of both northern and southern features and its early settlement was dominated by non-English Europeans, mostly Dutch and German, the English colonists were in the minority. Ships carried food and timber

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