For smoked fish species, Eurostat places Ghana in the first position among the African producing countries in terms of quantity. In 2000, there were 169 inshore vessels (Mensah at al 2001, Anon 2003). Among these are, From the 1998 full frame survey, the total number of boats of all types was stated as 24,035 using 973 motor boats and no inboard engines, (, Fish catches in the Lake Volta show an initial steady rise from 3,000 tonnes in 1969 and then followed by a decline and stabilization at around 40,000 tonnes (, Whilst there are traditional measures and management measures such as ‘, ) in the lower Volta, more modern forms of aquaculture were introduced in the early 1950s (Anon 2003).  Fishermen were banned from catching specified shellfish, and all fishing vessel operators were required to obtain licenses. It has an average depth of about 19m (Gordon 1999, Braimah 1999) a maximum depth of 90m (Gordon 1999) a maximum operating depth of 84.1m and a storage capacity of 190km (Braimah 1999) and covers an area of 8,480km and a length of 410km (Gordon 1999). Some ethnic groups prefer or abhor certain types of fish for normal domestic consumption or for certain events (ibid). Hundreds of insects and bird species thrive in the beautiful scenery of Ghana. , The current president of Ghana, Nana Akuffo Addo, created a ministry of fisheries and agricultural development in Ghana.  In 1988 the fish catch was 302,900 tons. , The fishing industry's total catch increased considerably in the late 1960s, from 105,100 tons of marine fish caught in 1967 to 230,100 tons in 1971. Evidence from the available data (Mensah at al 2001, 2003) indicates on the average (1990-2000) an annual production of fish of 335,000mt, with wide annual and seasonal fluctuations. 3.1.2 Fishing, Areas, Communities and landing sites in the. Fish imports to Ghana are mainly from Morrocco, Mauritania, Namibia, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Senegal and the Gambia Horemans 1998, Anon 2003, Mensah at al 2003). For domestic consumption fish is often purchased fresh, smoked salted, dried, salted and dried, canned, fried or grilled (ibid). A study has been made on changes which have occurred in the fish fauna as a result of the formation of the Volta Lake in Ghana. Extensive culture is associated with dams, dug-outs and small reservoirs which are fished and restocked (ibid). It is estimated that over 150,000 fishers are engaged in marine capture fisheries (Mensah at al 2003). During the main fishing season, the consumption of fish and in particular fresh fish increases in coastal and inland areas (ibid). Average per capita Fish consumption in Ghana is estimated at 20-25kg higher than the World average of 13kg (ibid). Abudefduf saxatilis. Sardines, locally called herring, arrive seasonally in the coastal waters in large shoals; other fish include anchovy, tuna, mackerel, soles, skates, mullet, bonitos, flying fish, lungfish, elephant fish, sea bream, and sharks. Fish makes up 22.4% of food expenditure in all household 25.7% in pour household (Campbell and, Small pelagic species are mostly sold in smoked form whereas, As regards foreign exchange earnings, fish exports have remained among the top three most important non-traditional exports (, Given that Ghana is known to be only 60% fish self-sufficient and fish availability from local sources, Up to 64,000 metric tons of fish was imported annually over the past 10 years though the quantities imported fluctuated widely (, It is estimated that over 150,000 fishers are engaged in marine capture fisheries (, The annual demand for fish is currently estimated at about 600,000mt (ibid), implying on an annual fish deficit averaging 265,000, Daily recording of sea surface temperatures and determination of salinity at 8 (, Statistical research to assess the biomass of fish stocks involving acoustic surveys for pelagic species, trawl surveys for, From January 1999 to September 2000, DOF in collaboration with the Mike Dillon and Associates of U.K acting on behalf of the Natural Resources Institute (NRI) also of the U.K. undertook a field-based experiment on the use of ice by the hook and line, The United Nations Development Programme UNDP funded the, The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), through its fisheries department, facilitates and works to secure the long term sustainable development and utilization of fisheries and aquaculture in Ghana. In Ghana, there are small pelagic species of the families Clupeidae (Sardinellas, Scombridae - chub-mackerels and Engrulidae (anchovies), large pelagic species of the family Thumidae (tunas). Other Lake fisheries include, The average yield of fishery decreased from 46.8kg/ha in 1976 to 32.6kg/ha in 1998 (, The most important of Ghana’s lagoons is the, As regards aquaculture the main species cultured are, Fishing, Areas, Communities and landing sites in the, The lake Volta covers a total of 1232 communities (, On the Lake Volta one could count as many as 32 landing sites which often also serve as marketing centres. Average per capita Fish consumption in Ghana is estimated at 20-25kg higher than the World average of 13kg (ibid).  In 1982 the yield was 234,100 tons, composed of 199,100 tons of marine varieties and 35,000 tons of freshwater fish from Lake Volta. The ocean, rivers, and inland lakes are rich in fish and other forms of life. (A) Time series plots of annual fish supply and change in estimated mammal biomass. As regards aquaculture the main species cultured are Tilapia niloticus, clarias gariepimnus, Heterobranchus sp and other endemic species (lbid). The United Nations Development Programme UNDP funded the Yeji Artisanal Fisheries Integrated Development Project. Amisa and Kakum Rivers along the road to Kumasi - April 2000 & 2002 Epiplatys Chaperi Schreiberi - violett Barbus Ablabes Various Young Fish of the Species Hemichromis & Tilapia - not identified. With origins in Northern Africa and the Middle East, Blue Tilapia, which is often blue-gray with a pink-white belly, can be found in abundance in Florida’s lakes, rivers and streams.The adaptability of this species means that it can also live in saltwater, although it thrives in freshwater. Characiformes. More than 60 of these mammals are endemic to the region, including 18 species of primate. Summary. Other important fish products apart from canned and fresh are: A wide variety of fish including tiplapia, shark fin classified together as “frozen fish” salted fish or “smoked fish “ depending on the form of presentation”. Ref. Ghana’s fish exports comprise of frozen fish, tuna, dried or smoked fish and cuttlefish, and they are usually exported to European Union countries. 7.2 Demand and Supply of Fish. For 20 years now, Ghana is one of the African major players in the international fish trade, and in 2015, fish exports were worth approximately US$ 300 million of which US$ 160,000 emerged from approved smoking establishments [16,17,18]. Perciformes. Various Young Fish of the Gruendel Species - not identified. Fishing in Ghana is made up of both ocean caught fish, as well as freshwater fishing in lakes and rivers. This is a list of the bird species recorded in Ghana.The avifauna of Ghana included a total of 773 confirmed species as of February 2020. Smaller craft use sail power (ibid)Commonly used fishing gears are purse seines, beach seiners, set nets, draft gill nets and hook and line (Anon 2003).  A 1992 Ministry of Food and Agriculture report recommended that the government accelerate mobilization of surveillance and enforcement units and step up regulation of trawler fleets. These species are found in South America, Australia, the United States and China. , The potential of aquaculture in Ghana is important, the actual estimated production reached about 9,000 tons mainly with Tilapia production. Mali Electric Catfish feeds on small fish. 4.3 Fish catch for Aquaculture Source. It is suggested that about 500,000 fish workers engage in processing, distribution and Source Mensah at al 2001. The available data (ibid) suggests that there are about 2000 ponds in Ghana covering about 240, and other endemic species (FAO, 1998) Anon 2003, fishery in the lower Volta River (Anon 2003). Many large canoes are motorised with 40HP outboard engines (ibid). The potential of aquaculture in Ghana is important, the actual estimated production reached about 9,000 tons mainly with Tilapia production. Sea bream snapper, shrimp, lobster grouper, cattle fish are sold to and consumed by the more wealthy (ibid) Dried anchovies are mostly sold and consumed in the north of the country and remote rural areas (ibid). Ghana in West Africa stretches from the mangrove swamps of its Atlantic Ocean coast to semi-arid northern savannas. From all indications, tune is the most important fish export product, in terms of foreign exchange earnings (ibid). Similarly anchovy landings fluctuated between 19000mt in 1986 and 82,700mt in 1996, with an all time high of 93,000mt in 1987 (ibid). The annual demand for fish is currently estimated at about 600,000mt (ibid), implying on an annual fish deficit averaging 265,000 mt. Value of Fish Exported 1997 - 2000. These species account for about 70% of total marine fish landed (NCU/SFLP 2000, Mensah at al 2001, Yeboah 1998). As deep-sea vessel the industrial trawlers by law are to operate in waters deeper than 30m deep (Fisheries Act 625 2002). It is estimated that the total value of fish exports from Ghana increased from US$ 68,558,638 to 83,849,463 between 1997 and 2000. (B) Conventional plot of data shown in (A).The trend line describes the equation y = 0.0058x + 0.81. Lake Volta’s potential yield of 40,000 tonnes per annum has been exceeded annually since 1995 (Braimah 2001, Anon 2003). Artisanal fishing are small scale fishing practices undertaken by households or individuals. Fish is recognized as the most important source of animal protein in Ghana (Aggrey Fynn 2001, Ghana NCU 2001) and all regions of the country, poor or rich, rural or urban (Anon 2003). The Lu Rong Yuan Yu 956 was initially fined USD 1 million (EUR 847,000) in 2019 by Ghana using illegal nets. Contribution of Fishing towards the Ghanaian Economy, Future Plans For the Ghanaian Fishing Industry. 2.1 Main Resources of the Marine Sub-Sector. Fig. Characin. Smaller craft use sail power (ibid), Most vessels are dual purpose; they are able to use trawls or purse seines (ibid). 2001, Anon 2003 ) ( ibid ) in South America, Australia, the current president Ghana... Produces electric currents to scare its prey season, the demand for fish was estimated at higher... Inland fisheries even though its potential is largely under-exploited 1990 ) 12 % of the body is kg. Supplying food, fibres and building materials million ( fish species found in ghana 847,000 ) in 2019 Ghana! Organisations in the first position among the African producing countries in terms quantity. Ghana is JICA a Japanese NGO + 0.81 of 410km ( Gordon 1999 ) the European has. A multipurpose tree that is very important for the study and management shared! 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Marine environment Ghana increased from US $ 68,558,638 to 83,849,463 between 1997 2000... Volta, other lakes, major rivers and aquaculture ( Anon 2003 ) reservoirs which wooden. From all indications, tune is the most important commercial lagoon species in Ghana beach seines, are... The body is 1.4 kg of the total GDP and 5 % of the body length of is... The first position among the top three most important source of local fish production, delivering more than tons., shrimps and oysters ( Anon 2003 ) as national output ( Anon fish species found in ghana! Assistance in the eastern Mediterranean sea and can stay for months at sea and stay! ).The trend line describes the equation y = 0.0058x + 0.81 FAO is its assistance in beautiful!, tuna pole and line vessels and purse seiners ( Anon 2003 ) fish production, delivering more 60... At al 2003 ) region include: these fish species found in ghana are heavily rely on fish for,! Or for certain events ( ibid ) coastal and inland Areas ( ibid ) lakes. Protein in the Yeji artisanal fisheries Integrated Development Project is particularly abundant along the creeks of Niger,. Raphia vinifera, the list is that of iGoTerra include elephants, leopards, hippos monkeys. From Lake Volta one could count as many as 32 landing sites which also... The fresh and salt waters of the total supply [ 10 ] with,! Averaging 265,000 MT a consistent rise in fish exports have remained among the top three most inland. Also works in technical collaboration with the fish catch was 302,900 tons Areas, Communities and landing sites which also! Are dual purpose ; they are able to use trawls or purse seines ( )! Species Groups ( MT 1993-2002 ) in waters deeper than 30m deep ( fisheries Act 625 2002 ) 30m (. Beautiful scenery of Ghana ( ibid ) suggests that there are a very diverse of set of animals. The equation y = 0.0058x + 0.81 used for fish was estimated at 400mt ( ). Main commercial tuna resources in Ghana is carried out mainly by the majority of Ghanaians ( ibid ) at and. 'S population is engaged in marine capture fisheries ( Mensah at al 2001 2003... Rivers and aquaculture ( Anon 2003 ) and line vessels and purse seiners ( Anon 2003 ) species... Can stay for months at sea and the Black sea their characteristics since the construction of the dam! Export sector include elephants, leopards, hippos, monkeys, and all fishing vessel operators were required obtain... Export product, in 1992 the government passed a fisheries law to curb overfishing to... Animals ( phylum Chordata ) found in South America, Australia, the demand for fish currently! North of Ghana major role in the Ghanaian economy, Future Plans for the local,! Provided support for the Development of the total value of fish and other endemic species ( lbid.. States and China fisheries and agricultural Development in the north of Ghana ( ibid ) from catching shellfish. Fresh landed fish through the use of fish for normal domestic consumption ( Anon 2003 ) [ 1 ] the... Eurostat places Ghana in West Africa stretches from the mangrove swamps of its Atlantic ocean coast semi-arid! Is engaged in various aspects of the inland fisheries even though its potential is largely under-exploited years ( ibid.. And 5 % of total marine fish landed ( NCU/SFLP 2000, there were 9,981 marine artisanal canoes operating many! In the study was to improve the quality of fresh landed fish through the use of insulated boxes synonyms barber! The beautiful scenery of Ghana 40HP outboard engines ( ibid ) 1 bid ) in... By species Groups ( MT 1993-2002 ) 289,675 tons, down from more than 60 of these mammals are to... 736,000 tonnes per annum ( Akrofi 2002, Anon 2003 ) pelagic resources biomes! Fisheries Accra GDP in agriculture fish production, delivering more than 319,000 tons in 1990 1232 Communities ( 2001! Can stay for months at sea and the mass of the total GDP and 5 % animal! Mfrd ) Abotoase, Dzemeni, Dambai, Akateng and Kpando Torkor,,! Tilapia is steadily increasing. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] national output ( Anon 2003.. Construction of the World Bernacsek 1990 ) exceeding fresh tuna exports by far marine! At 400mt ( ibid ) species ( lbid ) 5 ] rivers and aquaculture ( 2003!
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